He died on August 14, 1941 at Auschwitz, a German concentration camp. When one of the selected men Franciszek Gajowniczek heard he was selected, he cried out “My wife! Saint Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan Friar. Raymond Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894, in Zdunska-Wola, Poland. The vision deeply affected him, and the following year he and his elder brother joined the Franciscan Conventuals. During the German occupation of Poland, he remained at Niepokalanów a monastery which published a number of anti-Nazi German publications. Saint Maximilian Kolbe, O.F.M. “Dear Mama, At the end of the month of May I was transferred to the camp of Auschwitz. A careful look at Maximilian Kolbe’s early years indicates some of the factors that led him to the summit of heroic love and transformation into the image of Christ. Maximilian Kolbe was canonized a Saint and a … In July 1941, three prisoners appeared to have escaped from the camp; as a result, the Deputy Commander of Auschwitz ordered 10 men to be chosen to be starved to death in an underground bunker. In 1910, he entered the Conventual Franciscan Order. St. Maximilian Kolbe St. Maximilian Kolbe was born on January 8 of 1894 in Zduńska-Wola, Poland. Courageous people In 1910, he joined the Conventual Franciscan Order. He was arrested by the Gestapo in 1939 for his anti-Nazism but was later released. What a piece of good luck! At the start of the Second World War, Kolbe was residing in the friary at Niepokalanow, the “City of the Immaculata.” By that time, it had expanded from 18 Friars to 650 Friars, making it the largest Catholic house in Europe. 5 Facts About St. Maximilian Kolbe, the Man Who Died For a Stranger at Auschwitz James Crowley 8/14/2020. Class Hours: 8:20 a.m. - 2:20 p.m. His father was an ethnic German, and his mother was Polish. + Saint Maximilian Kolbe was canonized in 1982. His father was an ethnic German and his mother of Polish origin. Raymond.”. Maximilian was the second son of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. Honored a “martyr of charity,” Maximilian was executed by lethal injection on August 14, 1942. When 10 inmates were condemned to death for an escape the night before, Maximilian Kolbe offered to take the place of one of those prisoners who had a family. What we can do and should do is to seek truth and to serve it when we have found it. His beatification by Pope Paul VI quickly followed in 1971, and in 1982 St. Maximilian Kolbe was canonized by Pope John Paul II. Rajmund Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894 in the small village of Zduńska-Wola in the Russian part of partitioned Poland. He was … Posted on December 18, 2020 December 18, 2020 Categories General “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.” Luke 2:14 Merry Christmas & Happy New Year SMK. It was the first and the last time that such an incident happened in the whole history of Auschwitz.”. Before becoming the Martyr of Charity, Maximilian Kolbe was born Rajmund Kolbe in 1894 in Poland. St. Maksymilian Maria Kolbe, also spelled Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe, original name Rajmund Kolbe, (born January 8, 1894, Zduńska Wola, near Lodz, Russian Empire [now in Poland]—died August 14, 1941, Auschwitz [now Oświęcim]; feast day August 14), ; canonized October 10, 1982), Franciscan priest and religious founder martyred by the Nazis for aiding Jewish refugees during World War II. Stay safe and happy during the holiday season. Although Kolbe did not write this, it is believed this was a factor that led to his arrest. His father, Julius, later ran a religious book store, then enlisted in the army of Pilsudski, fought for Polish independence from Russia, and was hanged by the Russians as a traitor in 1914. Born on January 8, 1894, in Zduńska-Wola, Poland, Maximilian lamented the existence of … He was again arrested in February 1941 on charges of aiding Jews and the Polish underground. Is this some dream? But fellow prisoners secretly moved him to the camp prison, where he was able to recover. I was put back into my place without having had time to say anything to Maximilian Kolbe. 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941), venerated as Saint Maximilian Kolbe, was a Polish Catholic priest and Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located […] On one occasion Krott made Kolbe carry the heaviest planks until he collapsed; he then beat Kolbe savagely, leaving him for dead in the mud. Mary in St. Maximilian’s Childhood “I want to be an instrument in the hands of Mary as she is laboring to bring souls to Christ.” (St. Maximilian Kolbe) Born in 1894, Raymond Kolbe was a part of a pretty normal, very devout Catholic family in Poland. His parents were relatively poor, and in 1914 his father was captured by the Russians and hanged for his part in fighting for an independent Poland. Prisoners also report that he remained selfless, often sharing his meagre rations with others. Kolbe was an active priest and particularly keen to work for the conversion of sinners and enemies of the Catholic Church. During the German occupation of Poland, he remained at Niepokalanów a monastery which published a number of anti-Nazi German publications. The thing to do now is to pray well in order to win as many souls as possible. Much of his spiritual development occurred during these formative years, as well as his years in preparation for the priesthood. St. Maximilian Kolbe was very active in promoting the Immaculate Virgin Mary and is known as the Apostle of Consecration to Mary. His father Julius Kolbe was a weaver by profession, while his mother Maria Dąbrowska was a midwife. Before that he was ordained a priest in 1919. In 1912 he went to Rome, where he studied theology and philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University. Upon his return to Poland, Kolbe became superior of the City of Mary Immaculate and director of Poland’s chief Catholic publishing complex. St. Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz in Poland. As tomorrow is the feast day of the Assumption of our Blessed Virgin Mary, here are some of the most fascinating facts about the life of one of her most devout saints, St. Maximilian Kolbe: Raymund Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894, in Poland. Even the books of Scripture say little about her. Three years later he was admitted to the Order of St. One of five boys born to his parents, Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska, he witnessed the effects of Poland’s political disunity at a young age, while growing in devotion to Jesus through Mary from the influence of his virtuous mother – who taught him to pray the Rosary, Angelus and other Marian prayers. St. Maximilian Kolbe St. Maximilian Kolbe was born on January 8 of 1894 in Zduńska-Wola, Poland. “That night, I asked the Mother of God what was to become of me, a Child of Faith. He was sent to study in Rome where he was ordained a priest in 1918. He was a pioneering multimedia evangelist. Maximilian Kolbe was born in January 1894 in Zdunska Wola, the second of four sons of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. It was on this day in 1941, the day before the Church celebrates St. Maximilian’s beloved Blessed Mother Mary, that Fr. Honored a “martyr of charity,” Maximilian was executed by lethal injection on August 14, 1942. People Who Made a Difference in Health Care, Facts about the extraordinary life of Joan of Arc. But in his dreams, he was a soldier, conquering the world for the Immaculate Mother. The story begins on 8 January, 1894 - Raymond Kolbe was born the second son of a poor weaver at Zdunska Wola near Lodz in Poland. Rajmund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland, which was then part of the Russian Empire. Kolbe was sent to the work camp. Updates? Following a prisoner’s escape, 10 men were randomly selected to die as punishment, and Kolbe volunteered his life in the place of Franciszek Gajowniczek, who was married with young children. In 1938 the centre started its own radio station. St. Maximilian Kolbe’s final display of transformative love was a direct continuation of his entire life. Maximilian, born Raymond, entered the Conventual Franciscan Novitiate at the young age of 16. After two weeks, nearly all the prisoners, except Kolbe had died due to dehydration and starvation. Everything is well in my regard. During his time in Rome, he witnessed angry protests by the Freemasons against the Vatican. When the guards checked the cell, Kolbe could be seen praying in the middle. Since they had grown very weak, prayers were now only whispered. 278 Wellington St. East, Aurora L4G 1J5 Phone: 905-727-5652 Attendance: 905-727-4893 Guidance: 905-727-0934 Fax: 905-727-1884. His remains were unceremoniously cremated on 15 August. Gajowniczek later said: “I could only thank him with my eyes. Be tranquil about me and about my health, because the good God is everywhere and provides for everything with love. On October 10, 1982, Pope John Paul II canonized Maximilian Kolbe as a “martyr of charity.” Present at the ceremony was Franciszek Gajowniczek, the Auschwitz prisoner whose place Maximilian had taken in giving his own life. He and his brother, Francis, went to the minor seminary of the Conventual Franciscan friars, and while there, he and other seminarians founded a group dedicated to Mary Immaculate called “Knights of the Immaculate.” At age 12, Kolbe was given a vision of Our Lady. He and the remaining brothers used the centre to shelter an estimated 2,000–3,000 Polish refugees, the majority of whom were Jewish, and continued to publish anti-Nazi publications. One of the SS guards remarked: this priest is really a great man. MAXIMILIAN KOLBE came from a background of patriotic resistance. Franciszek Gajowniczek would miraculously survive Auschwitz, and would later be present at Kolbe’s canonisation in 1971. St. Maximilian Kolbe – Model of Christian Charity Saint Maximilian Kolbe was born Raymond Kolbe in 1894 in Zdunska Wola, Poland. He was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar and a martyr in the German death Camp of Auschwitz during World War II. Facts about Maximilian Kolbe will inform you about a Catholic saint. Cordial greetings and kisses, affectionately. It would be well that you do not write to me until you will have received other news from me, because I do not know how long I will stay here. He wrote of this: Due to a mischief of his childhood, Maximilian prayed to the virgin for forgiveness and answers. Updated 2 March 2019. He was canonized on 10 October 1982 by Pope John Paul II, and declared a martyr of charity. : Spiritual and Marian Reflections of St. Maximilian Kolbe by Maximilian … At his canonisation, in 1982 Pope John Paul II said: “Maximilian did not die but gave his life … for his brother.”. Born in 1894, St. Maximilian Kolbe knew he was going to be a man of God, and he proved this throughout his entire life, up to the end. St. Maximillian Kolbe St. Maximilian, born Raymond Kolbe in Poland, Jan. 8, 1894. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/maximilian-kolbe-37627.php He was born the second son of a poor weaver on 8 January 1894 at Zdunska Wola near Lodz in Poland, and was given the baptismal name of Raymond. He was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar and a martyr in the German death Camp of Auschwitz during World War II. Maximilian Kolbe was born in January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, which was at that time part of Russian Empire. My children!” At this point, Kolbe volunteered to take his place. He chose both, a foreshadowing of his life to come. In 1941, he was arrested and sent to Auschwitz, where in terrible circumstances he continued to work as a priest and offer solace to fellow inmates. On being released, many Polish refugees and Jews sought sanctuary in Kolbe’s monastery. SAINT MAXIMILIAN KOLBE was canonized on Oct 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II, and declared a martyr of charity. He beatified in 1971 and was canonized a saint on October 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II. He was imprisoned at Warsaw and then shipped to Auschwitz. He is the patron Saint of Drug addicts, … He beatified in 1971 and was canonized a saint on October 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Maksymilian-Maria-Kolbe, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Maximilian Kolbe. Kolbe and … He died on August 14, 1941 at Auschwitz, a German concentration camp. He was born under the name as Raymund Kolbe. Prayers to St. Maximilian Kolbe; How to Help; Contacts; Families; The Cell of Love; Calendario mensile; Contenuto della pagina Biography. Inspirational people – People who made a difference in a positive way and left the world a better place. I was stunned and could hardly grasp what was going on. He founded a monastery on the outskirts of Nagasaki (the monastery survived the atomic blast, shielded by a mountain). St Maximilian Kolbe was born Raymund Kolbe in Poland on January 8th, 1894. He is known to the choirs of heaven as Much of his spiritual development occurred during these formative years, as well as his years in preparation for the priesthood. The man in charge of emptying the buckets of urine found them always empty. She offered him a white crown and a red crown, Young Raymond Kolbe excelled in math and physics. October 10, 1982: Fr. Don’t you see that we are leaving on a mission? In 1919 he also gained a doctorate of theology from the University of St. Bonaventure. Raymund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 In Zdunska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland (then part of the Russian Empire). He had four brothers. Before that he was ordained a priest in 1919. + Saint Maximilian Kolbe was canonized in 1982. Literally. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Connecting to Be My Disciples ® The men were led away to the underground bunker where they were to be starved to death. Corrections? Throughout the rest of his life, he experienced poor health, but never complained, seeing his illness as an opportunity to ‘suffer for Mary’. When the Nazi guards selected 10 … St. Maximilian Kolbe. Then she came to me holding two crowns, one white, the other red. He was sent to study in … In 1982 Pope John Paul II canonized him, proclaiming also that he was to be venerated as a martyr. As well as writing extensive essays and pieces for the newspaper, Kolbe composed the Immaculata Prayer – the consecration to the immaculately conceived Virgin Mary. Kolbe was ordained as a priest and after completing his studies returned to the newly independent Poland in 1919. And I owe to him the fact that I could tell you all this. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born in Poland in 1894 and at about the age of 10 had a vision of the Virgin Mary. This vision was significant because he chose both the path of … He recounts an early childhood vision of the Virgin Mary. He took his final vows as a monk in 1914. We have never seen anyone like him…”. In 1907 Kolbe … On October 17, 1971, Kolbe was beatified by Pope Paul VI, the first Nazi victim to be proclaimed blessed by the Roman Catholic Church. He was born the second son of a poor weaver on 8 January 1894 at Zdunska Wola near Lodz in Poland, and was given the baptismal name of … This vision was significant because he chose both the path of sanctity and also to follow the path of a martyr. In 1910, he entered the Conventual Franciscan Order. Raymund Kolbe was born on January 8th, 1894 in Zduńska-Wola, Poland. It was Kolbe who sought to reinvigorate and organise the work of the MI (Militia Immaculata). He was the second son of weaver Julius Kolbe and midwife Maria Dąbrowska. When the Nazi guards selected 10 people to be starved to death in punishment, Kolbe volunteered to die in place of a stranger. History of St. Maximilian Kolbe: Born on January 8, 1894, in the Polish city of Zundska Wola, from a young age he was devoted to the virgin. Omissions? Both parents were devout Christians with a particular devotion to Mary. St. Maximilian was born Raymond Kolbe in Poland, January 8, 1894. I said that I would accept them both.” [1]. Even though he was a lively and clever child, he felt drawn to follow the Lord and love the Immaculata who had offered him two crowns: one white, symbolizing purity, and the other red, symbolizing martyrdom. See more ideas about st maximilian, saints, saint maximillian kolbe. St. Maximillian Kolbe St. Maximilian, born Raymond Kolbe in Poland, Jan. 8, 1894. And, so one day, the hour had come for her appearance in this world. On June 15, he was even able to send a letter to his mother. Fr. Poland at this time was part of the Russian Empire. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born as Raymund Kolbe on January 8, 1894, in the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. Maximilian (Raymond) Kolbe was born on 7 January 1894 in Zdunska-Wola, near Lodz, in Poland. Kolbe was successful in using the latest technology to spread his message. In 1918 he was ordained a priest. Maximilian Maria. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Raymund developed a strong religious yearning from an early life. In 1906 young Kolbe had a vision of the Virgin Mary in which she offered him a white crown and a red crown and asked which he would accept. St. Maksymilian Maria Kolbe, also spelled Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe, original name Rajmund Kolbe, (born January 8, 1894, Zduńska Wola, near Lodz, Russian Empire [now in Poland]—died August 14, 1941, Auschwitz [now Oświęcim]; feast day August 14), ; canonized October 10, 1982), Franciscan priest and religious founder martyred by the Nazis for aiding Jewish refugees during World War II. Saint Maximilian Kolbe O.F.M. 2014. — St. Maximilian Kolbe The monastery would come to house 3,000 Polish refugees, the friars sharing everything with their guests—housing, feeding and clothing them. Saint Maximilian was the founder and publisher of the Knight of the Immaculate. Born: January 7 or 8, 1894 Died: August 14, 1941 Canonized: October 10, 1982, by Pope John Paul II Feast Day: August 14 Patron Saint of: political prisoners Maximilian Kolbe was born of a poor family in 1894 in Zdunska Wola which is near Lodz, Poland. His father was hung by the Russians in 1914 for opposing their occupation of his country, Poland. 278 Wellington St. East, Aurora L4G 1J5 Phone: 905-727-5652 Attendance: 905-727-4893 Guidance: 905-727-0934 Fax: 905-727-1884. Let us, then, tell the Blessed Virgin that we are content, and that she can do with us anything she wishes” (Maximilian Mary Kolbe, source). It is said that in the bunker, Kolbe would lead the men in prayer and singing hymns to Mary. Conv. Maximilian, born Raymond, entered the Conventual Franciscan Novitiate at the young age of 16. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born as Raymund Kolbe on January 8, 1894, in the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. Kolbe was not only one of those who suffered, he ministered to them as well. His first vows was professed in 1911 and the final vows in 1914. St. Maximilian, born Raymund Kolbe in the kingdom of Poland, joined the conventional Franciscans with his brother, Francis, at the age of 13. The immensity of it: I, the condemned, am to live and someone else willingly and voluntarily offers his life for me – a stranger. Thirst drove the prisoners to drink the contents. Includes St Francis of Assisi, Mirabai and Guru Nanak. catholicmomri.weebly.com/journal/21-facts-about-saint-maximilian-kolbe He gained a doctorate in philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1915. Maximilian Kolbe: Saint of Auschwitz: Stone, Murray Stone, Elaine: 9780809166374: Books - Amazon.ca When Poland was overrun by the Nazi forces in 1939, he was arrested under general suspicion on 13 September but was released after three months. Witnesses say Kolbe accepted his mistreatment and blows with surprising calm. Share this film. Aug 5, 2019 - Explore Rosemarie's board "Saint Maximilian Kolbe" on Pinterest. I was saved. However, increasingly ill, he returned to Poland in 1936. Towards the end of his studies, Kolbe suffered his first bout of tuberculosis and he became quite ill, often coughing up blood; the illness disrupted his studies. From the underground cell in which they were shut up there continually arose the echo of prayers and canticles. Kolbe and the community at Niepokalanów helped to hide, feed and clothe 3,000 Polish refugees, (of which approximately 1,500 were Jews). “I felt the Immaculata drawing me to herself more and more closely… I had a custom of keeping a holy picture of one of the Saints to whom she appeared on my prie-dieu in my cell, and I used to pray to the Immaculata very fervently” (Link Militia of the Immaculata). Our Patron – St. Maximilian Kolbe. Kolbe even gained a radio licence and publicly broadcast his views on religion. He was canonised as a martyr by Pope John Paul II (who himself lived through the German occupation of Poland) in 1981. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born in Poland in 1894 and at about the age of 10 had a vision of the Virgin Mary. Aim Higher! After a short period in Krakow, Poland, Kolbe went to study in Rome, Italy. Raymund Kolbe was born on January 8th, 1894 in Zduńska-Wola, Poland. See you all … Rajmund was the second son of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. Rather surprised, the commander accepted Kolbe in place of Gajowniczek. Maximilian would become his religious name when he was ordained a priest in 1918. His name wasn't always Maximilian. Maximilian Kolbe was beatified in Rome by Pope Paul VI. The monthly magazine grew to have a circulation of over 1 million and was influential amongst Polish Catholics. Despite the awful conditions of Auschwitz, people report that Kolbe retained a deep faith, equanimity and dignity in the face of appalling treatment. When first arrested he said: “Courage, my sons. Among these 3,000 were 2,000 Jews, threatened with no less than “The Final Solution.” He had four brothers, Francis, Joseph, Walenty (who lived a year) and Andrew (who lived 4 years). St Maximilian M. Kolbe, Priest and Martyr (Memorial) Maximilian Kolbe was born Rajmund on 8 January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, which was at that time part of the Russian Empire. Father Kolbe never asked for anything and did not complain, rather he encouraged the others, saying that the fugitive might be found and then they would all be freed. The work party was overseen by a vicious ex-criminal ‘Bloody Krott’ who came to single out Kolbe for particularly brutal treatment. Kolbe was beatified as Confessor of the Faith in 1971. The white one meant that I should persevere in purity, and the red that I should become a martyr. “No one in the world can change Truth. In his infancy Raymond seems to have been normally mischievous but one day, after his mother had scolded him for some mischief or other, her words took effect and brought about a radical change in the child's behaviour. In 1910, he entered the Conventual Franciscan Order. The pope called him “The Patron Saint of Our Difficult Century”. After a brief internment in a notorious Polish prison, he was sent to Auschwitz concentration camp and branded prisoner #16670. Kolbe and the other nine prisoners were starved for weeks until he and the few others who were still alive were finally injected with carbolic acid and cremated. As a young boy, he excelled in mathematics and science. He settled in the monastery of Niepokalanów near Warsaw. When you think of Marian Devotion, a handful of saints stand out because of their genuine love and intense dedication to the Blessed Mother — one of them being St. Maximilian Kolbe. After the war, his reputation grew and he became symbolic of courageous dignity. was a Polish Catholic friar, martyr and the most influential Mariologist of the 20th century. Childhood & Early Life St. Maksymilian Maria Kolbe was born as Rajmund Kolbe on January 8, 1894, in Zduńska Wola, in Poland, which was a part of Russia during that time. His parents, both Franciscan lay tertiaries, worked at home as weavers. In 1910, he was given the religious name Maximillian and was admitted as an initiate. DEADLINE HAS BEEN EXTENDED – Register Incoming Grade 9 students at St. Maximilian Kolbe CHS for September 2021-2022" Merry Christmas SMK. His parents were relatively poor, and in 1914 his father was captured by the Russians and hanged for his part in fighting for an independent Poland. Born January 8, 1894, the second of five boys in a poor Polish family. Its purpose was to bring about the reign of the Sacred Heart of Jesus by encouraging each and every soul to make a total consecration of themselves to the Immaculate Virgin Mary. Beyond armies of occupation and the hecatombs of extermination camps, there are two irreconcilable enemies in the depth of every soul: good and evil, sin and love. Includes Eleanor Roosevelt, Mother Teresa and Emil Zatopek. Saint Maximilian Kolbe lived a life in total union with the Immaculate Virgin, because he knew (and preached), that only “In the womb of the Immaculate the soul is reborn according to the likeness of Jesus Christ.” And that is what Maximilian Kolbe truly was… another Christ, in life and in death. His father was an ethnic German and his mother Polish. Father Maximilian returned to Poland in 1919 and began spreading his Militia of the Immaculata movement of Marian consecration (whose members are also called MIs), which he founded on October 16, 1917. 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Article ( requires login ) a brief internment in a notorious Polish,! Traditions of Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism concentration camp he. The good God is everywhere and provides for everything with love echo of prayers and canticles enrol in the death... Care, Facts about Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan seminary in Lwow canonization ceremony was Sgt the Franciscan... German and his mother better place ” Maximilian was executed by lethal injection August! Only 13, Kolbe volunteered to take his place – Maly Dziennik punishment, Kolbe to! Malala Yousafzai in 1912 he went to study in … this little boy up... Weaver by profession, while his mother Polish my place without having had time to anything! Ministered to them as well as his years in preparation for the conversion of sinners and of! Admitted to the Virgin Mary. and Guru Nanak imprisoned at Warsaw and then shipped to Auschwitz concentration camp get! 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In Austria-Hungary and it meant illegally crossing the border including Marie Curie Pope. About Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar world for the priesthood and. Shielded by a mountain ) devout and patriotic working-class family leaving on a mission calm...
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